Tory R. Spindle, Ph.D.
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Dr. Tory Spindle obtained his PhD in Experimental Health Psychology from Virginia Commonwealth University. Broadly, Dr. Spindle utilizes human laboratory studies to characterize the behavioral pharmacology of cannabis and individual cannabis constituents. His research seeks to understand how factors such as route of administration (oral, vaped, smoked, topical), dose, product formulation/chemical composition profile, and user factors (e.g., puffing topography, sex, tolerance) impacts the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic effects of cannabis. Another emphasis of his work is on characterizing cognitive, psychomotor, and driving impairment associated with cannabis, when used alone and in combination with alcohol. Overall, Dr. Spindle’s work is intended to inform policy decisions involving cannabis such as product standards and accessibility, dosing guidelines, and procedures for detecting cannabis impairment. Because the overarching goal of his research is to inform policies and regulatory actions for cannabis, his work can be best described as “cannabis regulatory science.”